Java 实例 使用数组计算平均值

我们将看到两个使用数组查找数字平均值的程序。第一个程序查找指定数组元素的平均值。第二个程序获取n(元素数)的值和用户提供的数字,并使用数组查找它们的平均值。

示例 1:使用数组查找数字平均值

public class JavaExample {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        double[] arr = {19, 12.89, 16.5, 200, 13.7};
        double total = 0;

        for(int i=0; i<arr.length; i++){
            total = total + arr[i];
        }

        /* arr.length returns the number of elements 
         * present in the array
         */
        double average = total / arr.length;

        /* This is used for displaying the formatted output
         * if you give %.4f then the output would have 4 digits
         * after decimal point.
         */
        System.out.format("The average is: %.3f", average);
    }
}

输出:

The average is: 52.418

示例 2:计算用户输入的数字的平均值

在此示例中,我们使用Scanner来获取n的值以及来自用户的所有数字。

import java.util.Scanner;
public class JavaExample {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        System.out.println("How many numbers you want to enter?");
        Scanner scanner = new Scanner(System.in);
        int n = scanner.nextInt();
        /* Declaring array of n elements, the value
         * of n is provided by the user
         */
        double[] arr = new double[n];
        double total = 0;

        for(int i=0; i<arr.length; i++){
            System.out.print("Enter Element No."+(i+1)+": ");
            arr[i] = scanner.nextDouble();
        }
        scanner.close();
        for(int i=0; i<arr.length; i++){
            total = total + arr[i];
        }

        double average = total / arr.length;

        System.out.format("The average is: %.3f", average);
    }
}

输出:

How many numbers you want to enter?
5
Enter Element No.1: 12.7
Enter Element No.2: 18.9
Enter Element No.3: 20
Enter Element No.4: 13.923
Enter Element No.5: 15.6
The average is: 16.225
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Java 实例